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Full VIDEO The N F D land was sold to Kenya in a 1967 Kenya-Somalia agreement between Arusha

The Shifta War (1963–1967) was a secessionist conflict in which ethnic Somalis in the Northern Frontier District (NFD) of Kenya attempted to secede from Kenya to join Somalia. The Kenyan government named the conflict “shifta”, after the Somali word for “bandit”, as part of a propaganda effort. The Kenyan counter-insurgency General Service Units forced civilians into “protected villages” (essentially concentration camps)[2] as well as killing livestock kept by the pastoralist Somalis. The war ended in 1967 when Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal, Prime Minister of the Somali Republic, signed a ceasefire with Kenya at the Arusha Conference on October 23, 1967.[3] However, the violence in Kenya deteriorated into disorganised banditry, with occasional episodes of secessionist agitation, for the next several decades. The war and violent clampdowns by the Kenyan government caused large-scale disruption to the way of life in the district, resulting in a slight shift from pastoralist and transhumant lifestyles to sedentary, urban lifestyles. Government records put the official death toll in the thousands but NGO’s say more than 10,000 lives were lost

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